Child Development & Care (CACHE)
At Rawmarsh Community School we aim to ensure our Childcare curriculum is designed to sequence learning and embed the key skills that are required to develop curious students into competent individuals with a sound knowledge base of development or individuals across the life span as well as health and social care settings and the practices within them.
Childcare is a broad subject that allows pupils with an interest in areas such as an understanding in how children develop, roles and careers within the child care sector, how pregnancy develops or even simply how to be a parent to explore and understand the skills and attributes that you need for this. Within the childcare curriculum pupils will start at preconception with understanding the roles and responsibilities of parenthood right the way though to a child being 5 and starting at school. Knowledge gained in childcare would be of use for further studies in PHSE, Biology, and other social science qualifications.
How we intend to remove barriers
In Childcare we remove barriers to learning and support students’ ability to access the curriculum through the development of literacy through writing up coursework using real life scenarios and the use of targeting questions to help pupils write up their work. Literacy misconceptions do not go unchallenged and work is regularly checked for literacy errors such as sp – spelling and c – capital letters allowing pupils to grow in confidence within literacy and access the skills required. Whilst SPAG is not an element in childcare coursework to be able to go into a career with children you need to be able to correct their work and therefore it is an important skill that needs to be developed.
This is not a large part of the course however we explore numeracy through interpreting data such as percentile charts.
Pupils are given the opportunity to read widely through researching a variety of information that they can include in their coursework such as the government white paper guidance on the eatwell plate and develops pupils oracy and vocabulary skills through group work.
Students are given key vocabulary through the use of key word glossaries, words in lessons as well as knowledge tests where appropriate. As part of the revision process for the exam pupils take part in knowledge tests which come from any part of the course, not just topics we are currently learning, and are then guided on what they need to revise. We use a range of strategies in childcare to support this such as flipped learning where pupils research an area and teach each other, discussion tasks, think pair share and a random name generator to ensure all pupils are taking part.
How we develop skills for learning
Students are given opportunities to develop their skills for learning and each and every lesson. Engaging starter activities help students to know more and remember more by challenging their ability to recall key the key concepts of prior learning. Key themes of childcare are continually recapped allowing pupils to form links and see real life scenarios. The skills for learning process within the Childcare curriculum both reinforces the key Childcare skills content and helps our students to know, remember and be able to do more at each stage of the curriculum.
As part of the revision process for the exam pupils take part in knowledge tests which come from any part of the course, not just topics we are currently learning, and are then guided on what they need to revise. The nature of the coursework requires students to be able to recall and explain links from RO18 (the exam course), this is part of the overall grade for pupils.
How we foster personal attributes
In Childcare our curriculum intent embodies that of the school. We are committed to ensuring we do not only teach students the knowledge and skills that will help them pass examinations but we also provide them with the exposure to the wider world context in order to develop them as well rounded individuals. Our curriculum demands independence, resilience and responsibility in line with Rawmarsh Way. Childcare allows students to see how choices that you make as a parent can influence a child’s life, how key attributes can make good parents/carers, and how childcare can apply to their future lives.
How we intend to enrich student experiences and broaden the horizons of students
Childcare is a subject that naturally goes beyond the classroom. To this end we broaden the horizons of all our students and enrich their experiences through applying the classroom situations to real life events. We have visits from children under 5 so our students can apply their knowledge in real life situations. We also allow students to take part in out of school activities to Sheffield Hallam University to see careers in action.
A number of our students have chosen to volunteer at various childcare providers and we work closely with the careers team within school to help students who want to find voluntary positions. A number or our students have also secured part time employment in vaiours childcare settings due to studying this course. Childcare is a popular subject to study at Level 3 with a number of our students leaving to study it at college level.
Our Curriculum in Childcare
In year 9 students complete a foundation year of study which underpins all of the other learning in this qualification. Students will develop the essential knowledge and understanding in child development. We start with covering reproduction and parental responsibility including factors that affect decisions to have children. We also investigate antenatal care and preparation for birth. Within this topic we look at the care given to pregnant women and different health professionals that are involved. This unit also covers birth and the stages of labour. We then explore postnatal checks, postnatal provision and the ideal conditions for the positive development of babies. In year 9 we also look at childhood illnesses and child safety including safety around the home.
Students in childcare develop key writing skills that will ensure they are ready for their next stage of learning such as being able to outline and identify key parts of the topics. They then learn how to describe using key vocabulary from childcare. A final key skill we look at is explaining and justifying topics. For example we explain and justify the importance of the different roles and responsibilities of parenthood.
In year 10 we start completing the coursework elements of the course. In the first piece of coursework (R019) students will gain knowledge of the equipment needs of babies and young children and an understanding of the factors to be considered when choosing appropriate equipment to meet all of these needs. We apply this to a real life situation of working in a nursery. This piece of coursework will also cover nutrition including studying micro and macro-nutrients and the function these have within the body. We also look at nutrition requirements for children including breast/bottle feeding, stages of weaning and nutritional requirements of a child 1-5. Pupils are also given the opportunity to investigate feeding solutions, comparing these to nutritional requirements and evaluating the outcomes. In our second piece of coursework (R020) students will gain an understanding of the development norms from birth to five years focusing on Physical, Intellectual and Social development. We also look at the reasons why children may not meet these norms for example the impact autism has on the development of a child. The second part of this coursework is we investigate the stages and benefits of play which student then present. At the end of year 10 all pupils will take part in a project where they observe, plan and then run activity with a child under 5. They then evaluate their project to see if their activity was appropriate and successful.
Students advance on the key writing skills that they learnt in year 9 applying them to writing up their coursework. Researching, planning, observing and evaluating skills are developed throughout their coursework. The skills learnt will be useful in further studies as these are transferable skills and could be applied to many subject areas. Due to the nature of the coursework element pupils also learn key life skills such as independence, time management skills and resilience.
In year 11 the focus is on the exam element of the course with the exam taking place in the January of Year 11. All of the ares we looked at in year 9 There are 5 key learning objectives that we look at which are:
Understand reproduction and the roles and responsibilities of parenthood, Understand antenatal care and preparation for birth, Understand postnatal checks,postnatal provision and conditions for development, Understand how to recognise, manage and prevent childhood illnesses and Know about child safety.
By the end of Year 11 students should be able to identify part of the subject, describe the area they have outlined and finally explain/ justify the area. For example identify safety concerns in the home, describe the concern and explain the effects it may have on a child if they were injured. It is also expected that pupils will demonstrate childcare skills through their child project.